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When the Ottoman Empire began to crumble apart, the nation of Turkey rose from its ashes. Founded in 1923, it is a crossroads nation that links Europe and Asia. From the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, the Mediterranean to the Turkish Straits, it is a place where the East and the West have come together in a curious and fascinating mixture.
Resort and spa communities are often the emphasis when visiting Turkey and there are several world-class opportunities in this category. Antalya, Oludeniz, Marmaris, and Alanya each has a distinct personality with their beaches, waters, and amenities that will help you relax in a way that can only be described as perfect.
Numerous civilizations have taken advantage of the benefits that Turkey offers. Istanbul, or Constantinople if you may prefer, is the only city to serve as the primary capital for 4 different empires. Much of this is due to its location on the Bosphorus strait, which separates Europe from Asia.
History can be discovered throughout Turkey as well. Mount Nemrut is a world heritage site with head statues that were dedicated to the ancient gods. Sumela offers an incredible monastery that is situated on mountain cliffs. Ani offers Medieval Armenian ruins to explore. The Roman ruins at Ephesus are incredibly preserved.
Whether it is beautiful architecture, the chance to learn more about a past civilization, or it is a need to relax on the beach with the sun on your face, Turkey has exactly what you’re craving. Make it your destination and you’ll find this nation provides a wonderful experience.
Travel and vacation in Turkey
Here you can find information about travel and holiday trips to Turkey. You will find travel deals as well as general travel information, guides, “good to know” and facts about Turkey. You will also find updated current weather and forecasts.
Map and distances
Country map and calculation of distances
Good to know
Weather and forecast
See the list of the largest and most important cities in the country, and the size of the cities by population.
Important: the informations are from various external sources. If you are using the informations professional please seek official confirmation whether the figures are actual or not. Last update august 2017
Official National Holidays
Below you can see the list with official national holidays in the country.
|January 1||New Year's Day|
|April 23||National Sovereignty and Children's Day|
|May 1||Labour Day|
|May 19||Commemoration of Atatürk|
|July 15||Democracy and National Unity Day|
|August 30||Victory Day|
|October 29||Republic Day|
Below you can see some bonus information about the destination and you can see and rate the destination in the section visitors ratings
Best of Turkey
Turkey is a bridge of cultures and has served as the foundations of empires for over 2,000 years. Istanbul, once Constantinople and Byzantium, is the only city in the world to serve as the capital for 4 major empires and is the only city that is in both Asia and Europe.
That creates numerous opportunities to go exploring with the best of what Turkey offers.
You will find the beaches in Oludeniz are just as beautiful as any of the resort beaches found throughout the country. What you won’t find is the same competition for a little space on that beach. Come here, find a hammock to stretch out in, then sip on your favorite drink in the warm sunshine. The waters are beautiful and support your favorite marine sports as well.
You’ll find more visitors with a trip to Patara when you are exploring Turkey. You’ll also find more space. This beach is the longest in the country. If you time your visit right, you can sit on one of the beach dunes and witness a simultaneous sunset and moonrise, which is a spectacular sky show you won’t find anywhere else in the world.
If Istanbul is on your itinerary, then make sure to visit this iconic site. The church was built by Justinian in the 6th century. It would eventually be converted into a mosque. Today, it serves as one of the best museums in the world. You’ll find beautiful mosaics within the interior, stunning marble floors, and a journey through the history of this country that is second-to-none.
Sometimes referred to as the Eighth Wonder of the World, this historic site is situated along the ancient Arsameia Road. You’ll find various large statutes at this site, including two eagles, two lions, and representations of various Persian and Greek gods. You’ll need to climbe to the summit, at 2,134m, to enjoy this 1st century BC site.
Once an active center for trade in the ancient world, the ruins of Ephesus are located on the Ionian coast just outside the city of Selcuk. The Temple of Artemis was found here, and you can still visit the stunning Library of Celsus. You can view many of the artifacts recovered from this city at the local museums. Don’t forget to see the views from the Great Theater, an amphitheater which could seat 25,000 people.
The Grand Bazaar
Every city in Turkey offers a bazaar worth visiting during your stay here. The Grand Bazaar, however, is an experience that you’ll never forget. Everything you could ever need or want is found at this market. From rugs to tea to jewelry, your job is simple: to haggle for the best price possible.
The best of Turkey offers plenty of outdoor adventures. There are numerous landmarks to see, beaches to explore, and natural wonders to experience. If the East and the West can come together here, then you can discover something beautiful about yourself here as well.
A brief history of Turkey
Historically known as Asia Minor or Anatolia, this vast region reflects a remarkable and fascinating history with settled habitation dating back to the eighth millennium BC. Anatolia has seen virtually every major western civilisation come and go including the Assyrians, Hittities, Phrygians, Urartian, Greeks and Romans. Treasured artefacts, including what is believed to be the first landscape picture ever painted were left behind and are displayed at Ankara’s Museum of Anatolian Civilisations. Many of the museums’ artefacts are the only clues we have to the earliest civilisations.
Some of the finest sites emerged from the Hellenistic period such as the remains of ancient Troy and the ruined settlements of Lycia. The most impressive of them all is ancient Ephesus. It is believed that the Virgin Mary spent her last days in a small house on the edge of Ephesus whilst St John the Evangelist came to look after her. Now a place of Pilgrimage for Roman Catholics, the house has received the official sanction of the Vatican.
In 560 BC the King of Persia, Cyrus, conquered everybody and everything and soon subjected the Aegean cities to his rule. However, 200 years later they were defeated by Alexander the Great. He led the Macedonians eastward across Anatolia as far as India in pursuit of gaining the domination of Asia. Sure enough, he rapidly conquered the entire Middle East, from Greece to India.
Following its conquest by Rome in the 2nd century BC, Asia Minor enjoyed centuries of peace. During the Middle Ages as part of the Byzantine Empire it became a centre of Christianity.
The Great Seljuk Empire, based in Persia, was the first real Turkish state in Anatolia. This empire had a distinctive culture with beautiful architecture and design. The Seljuks Empire quickly declined with Anatolia fragmented into a number of small emirates. The Turks gradually moved in on these states one by one which eventually grew to be the largest empire in recent history, the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans ruled for more than six centuries until 1922. The following year, Asia Minor became the larger part of the Turkish Republic led by Ataturk.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was the main drive behind the development of modern Turkey. The former army officer became Turkey’s first President and steered the country from the wreckage of the Ottoman Empire. Ataturk introduced dramatic reforms that touched upon every aspect of Turkish life. There were many significant changes including replacing the Arabic script with Latin characters. Primary education was made compulsory and religious law was abolished. Women were granted equal rights in matters of custody and inheritance and by 1934 women’s rights had extended to Universal Suffrage.
Ataturk was and still is a national hero- a massive presence in the long history of Turkey. In every town and village you will find reminders of the leader everywhere you turn. As time goes by Ataturk becomes even more of a hero as the country’s people recognize his extraordinary influence in making Turkey what it is today.
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Turkey Covid-19 / Coronavirus
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